Directorate of Mines & Geology
Government of Goa

Mineral Resources of Goa - IRON

  • The Goan economy is heavily dependent on the iron ore industry in so far as the major share of the regional income from the mineral industry and its allied activities like transport and trade is concerned. The spurt in iron ore industry has started in 1955 subsequent to India`s economic embargo.
  • Iron ore mining in Goa is completely in the private sector. Iron ore reserves in Goa are variously estimated to be around 1000 million tonnes. The Iron ore deposits in Goa are fines oriented. Around 80% of the deposits are fines and the rest lumps. Another peculiarity of Goan iron ore deposits is that the lumpy ore is of lower grade than the powdery ore.  The iron ore deposits are distributed over the northern, southern and central blocks of Goa. The northern block deposits are richer both in terms of quantity and quality of the ore. All the large mines which produce over one million tonnes are situated in the northern block. The mines in the other two blocks are of medium size or small ones.
  • Infrastructure wise, Goa has an advantage over other exporting regions in the country in view of its being endowed with a deep seaport and waterways that criss-cross the territory facilitating barge transport. Additionally most of the mines are located in close proximity to either of the two rivers Mandovi and Zuari. The average road linkage from the mine to the river loading points is around 30 km. Most of the mines are within 15 km. of the river loading points. The ore is loaded on to the barges mechanically and transported either to the ports mechanized ore berth or to the transhippers.
  • The Goan Iron ore is export oriented. The present average annual export of iron ore from Goa is around 30 million tonnes